What is the definition of heat stroke?
Heat stroke is an emergency, where the body temperature is clearly elevated (depending on which definition, 104f [40c] above the adults, and above the adults and 105 F or 40.5c children). With the loss of neurologic symptoms and the body’s thermal autograction (brain capacity to control body temperature).
Elderly, pregnant females and young children have high risk of heat stroke; Adults do not have any health problem as well as their bodies). Some health care professionals have influenced the sub-heat heat stroke exterior and non-exterior, but both have similar symptoms and remedies. Heat stroke is also called sunstroke and hypothermia; Heat stroke is a medical emergency.
The main reason for the heat stroke is to have strong activity in high temperature and / or hot weather for a long time. The body’s ability to control core temperature (sweating, evaporator cooling, for example) is overwhelmed with heat.
Babies, children, pregnant women and the elderly have high risk of heat stroke as they are not able to control their main temperature.
Other reasons that can contribute to heat stroke conditions are:
- drinking alcohol
- Harmful effects of certain drugs (for example, dehydration, increased urination, sweating)
- Wearing extra and / or tight clothes can contribute to the production of heat stroke by preventing cooling by evaporation.
Another cause of heat stroke, which often causes death, is leaving a child or a pet in a vehicle that is not well ventilated or cool. Due to the heatstroke, average number of children left in a car has been 37 deaths per year since 1998.
- Almost 53% of children “forgot” and were left in the vehicle by an adult,
- About 17% were deliberately left inside by an adult, and
- The rest were mainly children who used to close themselves in a vehicle.
What are the signs and signs of heat stroke?
Heat stroke usually follows two other heat related problems; Heat spasm and heat exhaustion These two conditions are followed by muscle spasms, after which fatigue and excessive sweating comes.
Since these conditions cause heat cramps and heat exhaustion, a sharp pulse, rapid breathing, dizziness and headache can occur.
When body temperature reaches 104 F or 40 C or 105 F and in children up to 40.5 C, these symptoms can cause heat stroke and progress and stop sweating from the body.
In addition to preventing sweating, the skin of the person suffering from heat stroke is hot and dry, and sometimes becomes red.
In the heat stroke, stroke-like symptoms arise. Illusions, hallucinations, seizures, loss of consciousness, organ damage, coma, and death can not be treated quickly and effectively; mental condition changes help heat separation of heat exhaust stroke.
How is heat stroke diagnosed?
The diagnosis of heat stroke is almost always done by contacting the patient’s symptoms, warm environment and taking the body’s main temperature (rectal temperature). Other tests are usually done to check the urology study for electrolyte level, kidney damage, liver damage and rhabdomyolysis (breakdown of the muscles). Tests like chest X-rays, CT or MRI can be ordered to search for additional organ damage.
What is Heat Stroke Treatment?
The immediate treatment of heat stroke is to cool the body; Currently the preferred method of cooling is vaporization cooling by using spraying the patient with cold water or by covering them with soaked sheets of cold water and using fans to increase evaporative cooling. Other people recommend keeping ice packs on the head, neck, side and waist, and cooling.
In addition, benzodiazepines can be administered to prevent shivering. Often the patient is dehydrated so IV fluids are given. Going at target 102.2 F or 39 C. is to reach a core temperature (reading the rectilal scan with continuous readout). The ideal deadline to reach this temperature is controversial, but it should normally be obtained in the fastest possible time frame, ideally above 60 minutes. In addition, breathing, hypo-tension and other supportive remedies for the trip may be required.