All you need to know about flu
Flu,or influenza is a respiratory track disease caused by a virus. The flu is highly contagious and usually spreads through the cough and sneezing of the infected person.For example, a person may have flu by touching an infected person, shaking hands.There are infectious diseases 1-2 days before symptoms occur in adults and 7 days after getting sick. This means that you can know that you are infected before spreading influenza virus.
In this article, we tell about the symptoms of flu, how it is treated, how it differs from the cold, and the best way to prevent flu.
Here are some key points about the flu. More detail and helpful information is in the main article.
- Antibiotics cannot cure the flu, but some antiviral can do.
- Approximately 5-20 percent of Americans will have flu in some time.
- Experts agree that the best way to prevent flu is to vaccinate every year.
- Flu vaccine is not suitable for some groups of people, such as those who have severe allergic reactions with chicken eggs.
Complaining of flu with poor cold is common.
Flu and cold symptoms can both be involved:
- Drowsy or blocked nose
- Sore throat
To help you tell them differently, there are some symptoms of the flu that are different from a heavy cold:
- high temperature
- Cold Sweating & Soyness
- head ache
- Pain in joints and organs
- Feeling fatigue, exhaustion
There may also be gastrointestinal symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. These are more common in children than adults.Generally, symptoms last for about 1 week. It is worth noting that not every person with flu will have all the symptoms. For example, it is possible to have flu without fever.
Early symptoms of flu
Often, fatigue is one of the earliest symptoms of flu and cold. With flu, fatigue becomes more extreme.
Other early symptoms may include:
- Sore throat
- The pain of the body I
- Gastrointestinal changes
A virus causes flu, so antibiotics can not help, unless flu bacteria cause the cause of any other disease.
A doctor can write antiviral, such as oseltamivir (Tamiflu) and Zanamivir (Rhinelia) in some circumstances.
In addition, in 2018, the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved a new drug-Baloxavir Marcosil (Zofluza) – acute direct influenza or flu. People will take medicine from the mouth, in the same dose.
- Are 12 years of age or older
- Signs for less than 48 hours
Possible side effects include diarrhea and bronchitis.
Painkillers can reduce some symptoms, such as headache and pain in the body.
Various painkillers are available for purchase online.
Some painkillers, such as aspirin, are not suitable for children under 12 years of age.
People with flu should:
- Stay at home
- Avoid contact with other people where possible
- Keep warm and relax
- Drink plenty of liquids
- Avoid alcohol
- Stop smoking
- Eat if possible
This is a good idea for those who live alone to tell a relative, friend, or neighbor that they have a flu and make sure someone can check them.
There are three types of flu viruses:
Type A and B virus, U.S. And in almost every winter in Europe, causes of seasonal epidemics.
Type C influenza virus causes mild respiratory disease and for outbreaks